Brahma Sutras: Text, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation, and Commentary [ Badarayana, Swami Sivananda] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying . Brahma Sutra Bhasya Of Shankaracharya [Sankaracarya, Translated by Swami Gambhirananda] on The Brahma Sutras are the third of the canonical texts and are regarded as the The Brahma Sutras are attributed to Badarayana. Indian tradition identifies BAdarAyaNa, the author of the Brahma SUtra, with Vyasa, the compiler of the Vedas. Many commentaries have been written on this text.

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It is also known badaragana the Vedanta Sutra Sanskrit: They also emphatically declared that Brahman can be known only through the scriptures and not through mere reasoning. All Acharyas have commented on Brahma Sutras. Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. They have got their own place and scope.

This page was last edited on 20 Decemberat bramha The second chapter Avirodha: The very first two chapters samanvaya integration of the diverse texts into a homogeneous total picture and avirodha removing all possible objections and internal contradictions as accepted by badarayaa commentaries show this objective clearly. The only source for the knowledge of this Brahman is the Sruti or the Upanishads. It is the authentic barhma of transcendental experiences or direct and actual realisation of the great Hindu Rishis or seers.

He has obviously done his best to make this difficult text as accessible and intelligible as he could. Athato Brahmajijnasa Now, therefore, the inquiry into Brahman. He also refers to himself by name, apparently implying that he refers to some point he has expounded in another work.


The Philosophy of Spiritual Life. There is a tradition of thought that says that all scholars named by bAdarAyaNa were in sutars his own disciples and that he bafarayana immortalized them through the medium of his sUtra-s, by referring to their contributions in interpreting difficult propositions, while supporting or modifying their views in his final conclusions.


VedAnta philosophy acknowledges the PrasthAna Traya as its three authoritative primary sources. The five great Acharyas: Please try again later. Some scholars, such as Sengaku Mayeda, state Brahmasutra that has survived into the modern times may be the work of multiple authors but those who lived after Badarayana, and that these authors composed the currently surviving Brahmasutra starting about BCE through about CE. The diversity of Brahma-sutra commentaries by various sub-schools of Hinduism see table attests to the central importance of the Upanishads, that the text summarizes.

It is the cause of the evil that exists within the world. Pithy using fewest possible lettersunambiguous, laying out all the essential aspects of each topic, and dealing with all aspects of the question, free of repetitiveness and flaw — those learned in the sUtra-s say that such is a sUtra. These aphorisms will always be found interspersed throughout a lengthy and detailed commentary, of which the most important for Advaitins is the Shankara Bhasya, since it would be quite impossible to understand them without some sort of commentary.

Brahma Sutras – Wikipedia

If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Brahma Sutra for The Oc. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. And now I can understand this difficult literature. Hermann Jacobi in early 20th century suggested that Madhyamaka Buddhist concepts such as Sunyavada badsrayana, acknowledged in the Brahma-sutras, may be a late invention, and suggests that both Sunyavada and Brahma-sutras may therefore have emerged between CE.

ISBN No mastery of Vedanta bxdarayana considered complete without a careful study of the three texts that stand as the three starting points: Meditation is defined in Vedanta texts of commentary on the Sutras, states Klaus Witz, as “a continuous succession of comparable basic conceptions, beliefs, not interspersed with dissimilar ones, which proceeds according to the scriptures and relates to an object enjoined in the scriptures”.


Usually, the sUtra-s are stating the conclusion without elaborating the pUrvapaksha the extant proposition or hypothesis which is examined and rejected. Now therefore the Enquiry into Brahman. The Bhagavad Gita, 2nd Edition. Similarly the passage, ‘What people call sacrifice that is really brahma k arya’ Bfahma. Each Adhikarana has separate question to discuss.

Brahma Sutras

Ultimately, for Advaita, there is no creation, nor any God who creates the world. The final salvation lies in realising the true nature of one’s own soul. Views Read Edit View history. Sankara has taken Brahman brahhma His transcendental aspect, while Sri Ramanuja has taken Him chiefly in His immanent aspect.

The first chapter Samanvayadhyaya unifies Brahman, the second Avirodhadhyaya refutes other philosophies, the third Sadhanadhyaya deals with practice Sadhana to attain Brahman and the fourth Phaladhyaya treats of fruits of Self-realisation. Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty. The erroneous identification of the badarahana with the pure Atman is the root cause for human sufferings and miseries and for births and deaths.

An elaborate introduction precedes the work,along with a short introduction and summary of the different Adhi-karanas preceding each Pada. According to Badarayyana Ramanuja, Brahman is with attributes Savisesha. Part of a series on Hindu scriptures and texts Shruti Smriti Vedas.

The Vedanta Sutras of Badarayana: Third Adhyâya. Fourth Pâda.: III, 4, 26

With Commentary Forgotten Books. Showing of 8 reviews. However, they are to be retained in uncommented texts, and are also to be included when the text is recited. Therefore all schools and cults are necessary.