La lipidosis hepática, o síndrome de hígado graso, es una enfermedad muy grave que ocurre exclusivamente en gatos de mediana edad y exceso de peso. Hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver disease) is a syndrome characterized by an accumulation of excessive amounts of lipid (fat) within the cells of the liver, abnormal bile. Koloffon-Tella, S., Trigo-Tavera, F. J., & Lopez, A. (). Lipidosis hepatica idiopatica felina / Idiopathic feline hepatic lipidosis. Patologia General Veterinaria .

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Severe weight loss proceeds as the liver keeps the cat alive off body fat, causing a yellowing of the skin jaundice. At this point the disease can be diagnosed; however, it will often not be diagnosed, and many animals are euthanized due to improper or no diagnosis. Retrieved from ” https: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Lipidosie and Privacy Policy.

Lipidosis hepatica idiopatica felina / Idiopathic feline hepatic lipidosis

Alcohol advertising on college campuses Alcohol-free beverage definition controversy Alcohol self-medication Native Americans Binge drinking 0. Anorexia always precedes liver disease, with the cat refusing to eat enough food for days, or weeks. Cats can have a feeding tube inserted by a veterinarian so that the owner can feed the cat a liquid diet several times a day.

Pathological lesions in both conditions are similar. The longer the disease goes untreated, the higher the mortality rate.

Lipidosis hepática felina

Most individuals are asymptomatic and are usually discovered incidentally because of abnormal liver function tests or hepatomegaly noted in unrelated medical conditions.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The progression to cirrhosis may be influenced by the amount of fat and degree of steatohepatitis and by a variety of other sensitizing factors. Fatty liver can be caused by different factors that are not all identified. In this stage, liver cells are filled with multiple fat droplets that do not displace the centrally located nucleus.


Liver cell death and inflammatory responses lead to the activation of hepatic stellate cellswhich play a pivotal role in hepatic fibrosis. Retrieved from ” https: These vesicles are well-delineated and optically “empty” because fats dissolve during tissue processing.

Steatosis retention of lipid and onset of steatohepatitis may represent successive stages in FLD helatica.

Feline hepatic lipidosis

Coeliac Tropical sprue Blind loop syndrome Small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome Whipple’s Short bowel syndrome Steatorrhea Milroy disease Bile acid malabsorption. Treatment usually involves aggressive feeding through one of several methods.

Progression to alcoholic steatohepatitis ASH or non-alcoholic steatohepatitis NASH depends on the persistence or severity of the inciting cause. Macrovesicular steatosis is the most common form and is typically associated with alcoholdiabetesobesityand corticosteroids. Digestive and Liver Disease. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Alcohol drug Short-term effects of alcohol consumption Long-term effects of alcohol consumption Alcohol packaging warning messages.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease likely. Alcohol-free zone Alcohol detoxification Alcohol rehabilitation Alcoholics Anonymous Sober companion. Abdominal angina Mesenteric ischemia Angiodysplasia Bowel obstruction: In addition, alcoholism is known to damage mitochondria and other cellular structures, further impairing cellular energy mechanism.

Perisinusoidal fibrosis is most common, especially in adults, and predominates in zone 3 around the terminal hepatic veins. Insights into associated conditions and underlying pathomechanisms”.

Journal of the American Dietetic Association. Peritonitis Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis Hemoperitoneum Pneumoperitoneum.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The disease is reversible through intense feeding. Upper Hematemesis Melena Lower Hematochezia.


The cat liver has a high regeneration rate and the disease will eventually reverse assuming that irreparable damage has not been done to the liver. Retrieved 7 November Micrograph showing a fatty liver heepatica steatosisas seen in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. In addition, if a cat stops eating for 1—2 days, it should be taken to a vet immediately. Christian views on alcohol alcohol in the Bible Islam lipkdosis alcohol Dionysian Mysteries.

ALT more than 2: Obesity is known to increase the risk of hepatic lipidosis; however, there is no known “official” cause of the disease.

By using this site, llipidosis agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Annals of Internal Medicine.

There are two types: The New England Journal of Medicine.

However, the extent of inflammatory response varies widely and does not always correlate with degree of fat accumulation. Magnetic resonance elastographya variant of lipixosis resonance imaging, is investigated as a non-invasive method to diagnose fibrosis progression. Views Read Edit View history. The best method to combat feline hepatic lipidosis is prevention and early detection. Fatty liver FL is commonly associated with metabolic syndrome diabeteshypertensionobesityand dyslipidemiabut can also be due to any one of many causes: In the late stages, the size of the vacuoles increases, pushing the nucleus to the periphery of ilpidosis cell, giving characteristic signet ring appearance macrovesicular fatty change.